CommuniNation di bulan Kebangsaan

Ini sebuah lukisan karya Galam Zulkifli, sebuah potret wajah dari dua tokoh di era yang sama, lahir di tahun yang sama: 1889, di bulan yang sama: April (16 dan 20), namun memiliki kepribadian amat sangat berbeda.

Sosok yang separuh sukses dalam memanfaatkan pengaruh suara, sementara separuh yang lain berjaya dalam gerak bisu. Dan sejarah membuat separuh menyiratkan kekejaman, separuh lagi memancing gelak tawa.

Chaplin mengungkapkan kesannya saat pertamakali melihat kartupos bergambar Hitler di tahun 1930an :

The face was extremely comic–a bad imitation of me, with its absurd mustache, unruly, stringy hair and disgusting, thin little mouth. I could not take Hitler seriously.
Each postcard showed a different posture of him: one with his hands clawlike, haranguing the crowds, another with one arm up and the other down, like a cricketer about to bowl….”This is a nut!” I thought.
But when Einstein and Thomas Mann were forced to leave Germany, this face of Hitler was no longer comic but sinister.

Ia pun bepikir, orang-orang seharusnya menertawakan, bukan mengagumi Hitler. Filmnya “The Great Dictator” mulai dibuat dua tahun sebelum Inggris dan Jerman menyatakan perang. Dan film beredar pada 1940, ketika dunia berada di ambang perang dunia. Chaplin menebar pesan-pesan kemanusiaan agar menjaga kewarasan dan kepedulian terhadap sesama.

Simaklah pidatonya di film itu, betapa kondisi kemanusiaan kita secara umum masih seperti yang dicerca seorang Charlie Chaplin 70 tahun lalu…
Potret-potret di Hari Buruh dan Hari Pendidikan yang ditampilkan media massa kemarin lebih dari cukup mewakili gambaran umum pemahaman yang dipegang oleh orang-orang yang bertanggungjawab.

Kita bisa mencerna Chaplin dan Hitler dari berbagai sisi. Kita juga bisa melihat Hitler sebagai gambaran keberhasilan communication tentang nation yang cenderung chauvinistic —menganggap bangsanya paling superior. Sementara Charlie Chaplin mewakili keberhasilan communication yang mudah diterima melampui batas-batas kultur nation membentuk community tersendiri.

Otonomi daerah dan globalisasi adalah dua tantangan besar yang amat berbeda namun hadir berbarengan mengintai kuda-kuda dan jurus yang akan dipakai Indonesia. Barangkali jurus terbaik adalah memanfaatkan kekuatan penantang, dipadu dengan kelebihan dan karakteristik yang dimiliki, menciptakan matarantai yang saling bertaut.
CommuniNation-kah?

Berbagai komunitas kini bertebaran di tanah air, melintasi batas, ras, agama, apa pun. Ada yang mengakar pada bumi yang dipijak, banyak juga yang tidak. Kekuatan bangsa kini agaknya bertumpu pada komunitas. Kita tidak bisa lagi berharap akan adanya kekuatan individu seperti Bung Karno atau Hitler. Tidak bsa juga pada satu partai politik.
CommuniNation.
Bagaimana menjalin segala perbedaan dalam satu rantaian yang kuat?
Masih ingatkah kita akan Pancasila. Dan nilai-nilainya?

TRANSKRIP pidato Chaplin dalam The Great Dictator:
(tips: baca sambil mendengarkan fragmen ini)

I’m sorry,
but I don’t want to be an Emperor
– that’s not my business.
I don’t want to rule or conquer anyone.
I should like to help everyone, if possible
— Jew, gentile, black man, white.
We all want to help one another; human beings are like that.

We want to live by each other’s happiness, not by each other’s misery.
We don’t want to hate and despise one another.
In this world there’s room for everyone and the good earth is rich
and can provide for everyone.
The way of life can be free and beautiful.

But we have lost the way.
Greed has poisoned men’s souls,
has barricaded the world with hate,
has goose-stepped us into misery and bloodshed.

We have developed speed
but we have shut ourselves in.
Machinery that gives abundance has left us in want.
Our knowledge has made us cynical,
our cleverness hard and unkind.

We think too much and feel too little.
More than machinery, we need humanity.
More than cleverness, we need kindness and gentleness.

Without these qualities, life will be violent
and all will be lost.
The aeroplane and the radio have brought us closer together.
The very nature of these inventions cries out for the goodness in men,
cries out for universal brotherhood
for the unity of us all.

Even now my voice is reaching millions throughout the world,
millions of despairing men, women, and little children,
victims of a system that makes men torture
and imprison innocent people.

To those who can hear me I say,
“Do not despair.”
The misery that is now upon us is but the passing of greed,
the bitterness of men who fear the way of human progress.
The hate of men will pass
and dictators die;
and the power they took from the people
will return to the people
and so long as men die,
liberty will never perish.

Soldiers,
Don’t give yourselves to brutes,
men who despise you, enslave you,
who regiment your lives,
tell you what to do, what to think and what to feel;
who drill you, diet you,
treat you like cattle, use you as cannon fodder.

Don’t give yourselves to these unnatural men,
machine men,
with machine minds and machine hearts!
You are not machines!
You are not cattle!
You are men!

You have the love of humanity in your hearts.
You don’t hate;
only the unloved hate,
the unloved and the unnatural.

Soldiers,
Don’t fight for slavery!
Fight for liberty!
In the seventeenth chapter of Saint Luke it is written,
“the kingdom of God is within man”
— not one man, nor a group of men,
but in all men, in you,
you the people have the power,
the power to create machines,
the power to create happiness.

You the people have the power
to make this life free and beautiful,
to make this life a wonderful adventure.

Then, in the name of democracy,
let us use that power!
Let us all unite!!
Let us fight for a new world,
a decent world that will give men a chance to work,
that will give you the future and old age a security.

By the promise of these things,
brutes have risen to power,
but they lie!
They do not fulfill their promise;
they never will.
Dictators free themselves,
but they enslave the people!!

Now, let us fight to fulfill that promise!!
Let us fight to free the world,
to do away with national barriers,
to do away with greed,
with hate and intolerance.

Let us fight for a world of reason,
a world where science and progress
will lead to all men’s happiness.

Soldiers,
In the name of democracy, let us all unite!!!

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